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Art and Design

Purpose of study

Art, craft and design embody some of the highest forms of human creativity. A high-quality art and design education should engage, inspire and challenge pupils, equipping them with the knowledge and skills to experiment, invent and create their own works of art, craft and design. As pupils progress, they should be able to think critically and develop a more rigorous understanding of art and design. They should also know how art and design both reflect and shape our history, and contribute to the culture, creativity and wealth of our nation.


The national curriculum for art and design aims to ensure that all pupils: produce creative work, exploring their ideas and recording their experiences, become proficient in drawing, painting, sculpture and other art, craft and design techniques, evaluate and analyse creative works using the language of art, craft and design, know about great artists, craft makers and designers, and understand the historical and cultural development of their art forms.

Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5Year 6
KPI: To use artwork to record ideas observations and experiences.KPI: To try out different activities and make sensible choices about what to do next.KPI: To use a sketchbook for recording observations, for experimenting with techniques and planning out ideas.KPI: To use a sketchbook for collecting ideas and developing a plan for a completed piece of artwork.KPI: To develop different ideas which can be used and explain his/her choices for the materials used.KPI: To select ideas based on first hand observations, experience or imagination and develop these through open ended research.
To communicate something about themselves in drawing and paintings.To use a viewfinder to focus on a specific part of an artefact before drawing it.To use own sketch books to express feelings about a subject and to describe likes and dislikes.KPI: To use taught technical skills to improve his/her work.To identify and draw simple objects, and use marks and lines to produce texture.To ensure sketches communicate emotions and a sense of self with accuracy and imagination.
To create moods in drawings and paintings.To use different grades of pencil in drawings.KPI: To experiment with different materials to create a range of effects and use these techniques in the completed piece of work.To use sketch books to express feelings about various techniques, subjects and outline likes and dislikes.To successfully use shading to create mood and feeling.To explain why they have combined different tools to create drawings.
KPI: To name the primary and secondary colours.To use charcoal, pencil and pastels.To use different grades of pencil shade, to show different tones and textures.To begin to show facial expressions and body language in own sketchers and paintings.To organize, line, tone, shape and colour to represent figures and forms in movement.To explain why they have chosen specific drawing techniques.
KPI: To experiment with different techniques and materials to design and make products.To explain which pencil they would use for different features of a drawing.To create a background using a wash.To identify and draw simple objects and use marks and lines to produce texture.To successfully use shading to create mood and feeling.KPI: Refine his/her use of learnt techniques.
To draw lines of different shapes and thickness, using 2 different grades of pencil.KPI: To select particular techniques to create a chosen product.To use a range of brushes to create different effects.To organise line, tone, shape and colour to represent figure and forms in movement.To express emotions accurately through painting and sketching.To use a wide range of techniques in own paintings.
To create a repeating pattern by printing using a given technique.To mix paint to create all the secondary colours.To use the printed images taken with a digital camera and combine them with other media to produce art work.To show reflections in own paintings and drawings.To create an accurate print design that meets a given criteria.To overprint using different colours.
To cut, roll and coil materials such as clay, dough or plasticine.To mix a brown shade of paint.To use IT programs to create a piece of work that includes own work and that of others (using web).To print onto different materials using at least four colours.KPI: To confidently and systematically investigate the potential of new and unfamiliar materials and use these learnt techniques within his/her own work.To combine graphic and text based research of commercial design, for example magazines etc., to influence the layout of own sketch books.
To explain which colours are needed to be mixed to make secondary colours. To make tints by adding white and tones by adding black.KPI: To know about some of the great artists, architects and designers in history and describe their work. KPI: To articulate how he/she might improve own work using technical terms and reasons.To scan images and take digital photos, and use software to alter them, adapt them and create work with meaning.KPI: To adapt his/her own final work following feedback or discussion based on preparatory ideas.
To use a painting program to create a picture.To create a print using pressing, rolling, rubbing and stamping.To compare the work of different artists.KPI: To describe some key ideas, techniques and working practices of artists, architects and designers who he/she has studied.To work with chalk and charcoal to produce work that conveys depth.To adapt and refine work to reflect meaning and purpose, keeping notes and annotations in sketch books.
KPI: To explain what he or she likes about the work of others.To use simple IT mark-making tools, e.g. Brush and pen tools.To explore work from other cultures.To experiment with different styles which artists have used.To have a clear understanding about how to join clay so that the model remains intact.KPI: To describe the work and ideas of various artists, architects and designers, using appropriate vocabulary and referring to historical and cultural contexts.
To describe what they can see and like in the work of another artist.KPI: To give reasons for his/her preferences when looking at art/craft or design work.To explore work from other periods of time.To explain art from other periods of history.KPI: To evaluate his/her own work against an intended outcome.To ensure sketch books contain detailed notes, and quotes explaining about items.
To say how other artists have used colour, pattern and shape.To suggest improvements to work by keeping notes in sketch books.To keep notes in sketch books as to how own work can develop further.To compare own methods to those of others and keep notes in sketch books.
To create a piece of work in response to another artists work.To use sketch books to compare and discuss ideas with others.To say what work is influenced by.
KPI: To research and discuss various artists and architects and designers and discuss their process and explain how these were used in the finished product.To include technical aspect in work, e.g. Architectural design.
To experiment with different styles which artists have used.KPI: To explain and justify preferences towards different styles and artists.
To learn about the work of others by looking at own work in books, the Internet, visits to galleries and other sources of information.To make a record about styles and qualities in work.


Art supports spiritual development by introducing children to the work of great Artists and experiencing wonder and awe at the achievements of these great works of art. They also experience great admiration and respect for their peers’ work when they see the level of achievement and progress.


Art supports moral development by encouraging mutual respect and the consideration for others’ work. Pupils are encouraged to show compassion when assessing the work of others through, understanding how their comments can build up or destroy another’s self- belief.


Art and Design supports social development because children frequently required to work in pairs, groups or teams collaboratively.  Children often work collaboratively requiring cooperation and communication linking to the values of trust and compassion.


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